An encumbrance is a legal claim or right that a third party has against a property. Encumbrances can restrict the owner’s use of the property or make it difficult to sell or transfer the property. Voluntary encumbrances are created by the property owner and include mortgages, liens, and easements. Involuntary encumbrances are created by law or by a third party without the property owner’s consent and include tax liens, mechanics’ liens, and judgments.

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